Even though others have blogged about this in the past and its well-documented in the docs, its a frequently enough asked question, that we thought we'd post it here again
with a couple of additional twists.
How to determine the size of a database on disk
SELECT pg_size_pretty(pg_database_size('somedatabase')) As fulldbsize;
How to determine the size of a database table on disk
NOTE: There are two functions in PostgreSQL - pg_relation_size and pg_total_relation_size. The pg_relation_size just measures the size of the actual table where
as the pg_total_relation_size includes both the table and all its toasted tables and indexes.
SELECT pg_size_pretty(pg_total_relation_size('someschema.sometable')) As fulltblsize,
pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size('someschema.sometable')) As justthetblsize;
How to determine the size of a database schema
When you are doing a lot of data loading for later massaging to dump into your production tables, you will often generate junk tables in the process and worse yet other
people may generate junk tables period. As a general practice, we like to create a schema just for junk. The reason for that is that it is extremely easy to
exclude schemas from being backed up and to load individual schemas. So with this approach we create or move all tables we are not quite sure if they are needed or we only need temporarily
into a schema
called junk, scratch, possiblejunk or whatever you want to call the schema and exclude it from our backups.
Something of the form:
CREATE SCHEMA scratch;
ALTER TABLE someschema.joeyplaying SET SCHEMA scratch;
After saving the world from junk, you would like to know how much space you have saved your backups from backing up. So you would employ a query something of the form:
SELECT pg_size_pretty(pg_database_size('mycurrentdb')) As fullprod,
pg_size_pretty(CAST(pg_database_size('mycurrentdb') - (SELECT SUM(pg_total_relation_size(table_schema || '.' || table_name) )
FROM information_schema.tables WHERE table_schema = 'scratch') As bigint)) As tobebackedup_size,
pg_size_pretty(CAST((SELECT SUM(pg_total_relation_size(table_schema || '.' || table_name) )
WHERE table_schema = 'scratch') As bigint) ) As junk_size;
Size of Geometries in PostGIS tables
PostGIS has a companion function for measuring geometry size which is useful when you want to get a sense of how much space your geometries are taking up on disk
for a set of records.
SELECT ST_Mem_Size(ST_GeomFromText('LINESTRING(220268 150415,220227 150505,220227 150406)'));
SELECT pg_size_pretty(CAST(SUM(ST_Mem_Size(the_geom)) As bigint) ) as totgeomsum
FROM sometable WHERE state = 'MA';