I recently had the need to figure out which ranges of my keys were contiguously numbered. The related exercise is finding gaps in data as well.
Reasons might be because you need to determine what data did not get copied or what records got deleted. There are lots of ways of accomplishing this, but this is the
first that came to mind. This approach uses window aggregates lead function and common table expressions, so requires PostgreSQL 8.4+
There is another new feature in 9.2 that doesn't get much press, and probably because it's hard to explain. It is a pretty useful feature if you are working with the new json type or the existing hstore type. In prior versions if you used a subquery and converted the rows to hstore or json the column names were not preserved. Andrew mentioned a back-port path for this issue in Upgradeable JSON. We described a workaround for this issue in Mail merging using hstore. The workaround for including PostGIS geometry in json record output as described in Native JSON type support wouldn't work as nicely without this enhancement. Here is an example to demonstrate.